The drug Lithium belongs to a group of so-called mood stabilizer or medicinal drugs used to normalize mental state. This medicine does not cause general inhibition, has anti-depressive, anti-manic and sedative effect. It has become widespread in the treatment of affective psychosis in patients with alcoholism. The drug Lithium is effective in the treatment of organic psychosis, epilepsy, migraine, sexual disorders, drugs dependence.
The medicine is taken orally. Treatment with effective drug starts with taking 0.6 g per day, gradually increasing the dose up to 2 g / day. After the disappearance of the acute symptoms of the disease the dosage is gradually reduced to 1 g per day.
The drug can be taken about two times a day. However, the toxic effect of the drug Lithium on the kidneys decreases in the use of 1 time per day. The dosage should be increased gradually. When side effects (tremor of the fingers, heart rhythm disturbances, indigestion, hyperflexion) are observed, make a break in drug taking during a few days. But if the positive changes in health condition of the patient outweigh the negative effect of the drug, the treatment is continued.
The use of medical lithium products has a positive effect in the prevention of bipolar affective disorder. Manic and depressive states are getting weaker or disappear completely.